July 6, 2022

45-200s Bullet Mold – at Accurate Molds
200 Grain Semi-Wadcutter – at cartridgekits.com

Performance is not something most people attribute to black powder firearms. They are a novelty. Maybe you can take an extra deer, and the history if the Civil War guns is pretty cool. But an effective weapon? As effective as your plastic semi-auto pistol? Well probably not.

As a generalization I would probably agree. Pop pop pop pop pop (with a lot more pops) is a great attribute of high-cap semi-autos. But as I have explained many times in this Black Powder Project, there is no reason to not have a gun that nobody knows about as a backup just in case.

I think everyone would agree that the Colt black powder guns feel much better in the hand than the ’58 Remington, but otherwise there is no comparison. The Remmy has easily swappable cylinders, and extra cylinders are under $100 still. You can even get cylinder holsters from people on Etsy. The cylinders have positive lock slots between the cylinders so that you can drop the hammer on a slot enabling you to load all six for daily carry. Caps don’t bind very often in the action of these guns like they do the Colts, and they generally shoot close to point of aim out of the box, and are driver accurate with the right loads.

And for that, there is no comparison to the ’58 Remington, otherwise known as the New Model Army. I actually have a “real one” from the Civil War that we will probably compare with these new fangled copies at some point. But man oh man are the copies good. I am partial to the Pietta, as I have found it to be more durable for a lot of shooting. Right now they are somewhat scarce, but if you look around, you’ll find some. And even some of the pricey ones like the one in the video are still coming up with spotty availability, but are much more pricey when you find them.

The problem with the Remmy, and really all 44s in black powder pistols, is that the traditional projectile, the roundball, is extremely limited. I’m not going to let you shoot at me at 100 yards with one, but the ballistics are not impressive at the speeds where you shoot them without damaging your gun.

Ballistically, 44 cap ‘n ball pistols are all challenged because a .454 or so roundball is only about 140 grains. In a Remington, with a full cylinder of powder, that ball can be driven to over supersonic, or around 1,100 feet per second, but over 1,000 fps or so the balls will begin to leave lead in your barrel, which is a bitch to remove and hinders accuracy severely.

Blowing the gun up isn’t the problem. You could stuff the chambers with black powder and substitutes and fire it, and these guns would never blow up. The problem is barrel leading. You have to use a pure lead projectile in all of these guns because you shave the edges off as you press it in with the loading lever.

Over 1,000 feet per second or so, a pure lead bullet is going to start to leave some lead in your bore, and it is a huge pain to get it out. So it is kind of a catch-22. A little antimony would make the bullet handle higher velocity, but it would be too difficult to shave and seat.

That is why most enthusiasts of these guns shoot a conical projectile of some kind. With a heavier bullet, you get much more terminal energy clocking at the same speed. They just hit harder, penetrate better, and if there is such a thing as knock down power in a handgun (questionable), a heavier bullet is going to achieve that. It will not shine in foot pound calculations, because velocity is squared (multiplied times itself) in that equation, but you’ll see in any kind of penetration test that it is night and day with a roundball.

Throughout this column I have been shooting a replica of the Civil War era bullet called the Johnson & Dow that I cast myself from pure lead using molds from Eras Gone Bullets. I have found it to be accurate, and a real heavy hitter. Pushed to the same 1,000 fps or so, you are talking well north of standard 45ACP ballistics. To some degree, if it ain’t broke don’t fix it. But there are some issues with this bullet. It barely clears the loading lever on the Pietta Remmys, and this can lead to bullets that go in cockeyed, and take too long to load regardless.

I would say the most common and popular conical in these guns right now is the 215 grain Johnson & Dow bullet that originated in Civil War contracts. The only source for those bullet molds is Eras Gone Bullets, and they are not always available. Right now as I write this they are. You can also buy the bullets themselves from Star & Bullock Hardware, at https://cartridgekits.com/.

That J&D is really great in most cases, but it does not fit easily under the loading lever on the ’58 Remington Piettas, so you end up having to bend the tip a bit to get it to clear. For me there is no benefit in shooting these guns with a “historically correct” bullet. I look at them as self defense weapons. I honestly couldn’t care less about the historical aspect of these modern replicas. For a while now I have been looking for a good bullet for these guns that is easy to load, and hits hard.

I found it at Accurate Molds. For now the bullet is called the 45-200S, and I am hoping you guys will comment and help me come up with an official name for it. You can buy the mold from them in a single to five cavity mold made from aluminum, brass or iron, and ranging in price from $95 to about $240.

After testing several bullets from Accurate Molds, I settled on this 45-200S. You can buy them in up to a five bullet gang mold, and they are made to orders, so they are always available, unlike the J&D. The J&D is only available in aluminum in a two bullet configuration. They are made by Lee custom shop, and overall work very good, but long term aluminum molds break down because the alignment pins are steel. Accurate molds are available in aluminum, brass and iron. This bullet also has a really wide lube groove, which makes it perfect for dipping paper cartridges.

The key to this bullet is essentially the same thing that makes the J&D so good. It has an undersized heel that fits down into the chamber, which centers the bullet perfectly. The outside diameter of the bullet is slightly different, .455 on this bullet compared to the .260 on the J&D, but they both shave a nice ring on the current Pietta and Uberti ’58 Remingtons, as well as the 1860 Colt Army. You cannot use these or the J&D in the 1851 Colt Navy at all. They do not clear the loading gate.

The new bullet leaves a nice clean ring on compressing it into the cylinder on the Remmys, much like the .460 wide J&D. But the new bullet is only .455 so it is a little easier to shave.

I hope that the video I did with this article will dispel some myths out there in cap ‘n ball land. The first is that roundballs are the most accurate of all the bullets you can use. This may be true in some guns, with some loads at some velocities, but but in true self defense loads it is absolutely false. Generally the most accurate load in any gun is going to be on the weaker side of the spectrum. And my guess is that this myth started out with SASS guys who shoot mousefart loads at steel plates ten feet away for their matches. They have no reason to try a conical, so why not say they are inferior?

Besides the accuracy advantage of this new bullet, the flat tops makes for much a much easier process when dipping your paper cartridges in lube. They stand up without falling over, so they can be placed to dry on a flat surface instead of requiring a loading block of some kind to hold them upright.

In my fairly informal shooting, leaning against a tree, both of the conicals performed much superior to the roundball at 10 yards, which is the outside of normal street gunfight range. Shooting one handed, I obviously pulled some shots on all of the bullets, but in general this current production un-altered off the shelf Pietta performed almost as well as I can shoot at that distance under the same conditions with a modern semi-auto.

The new bullet actually performed better, and that was over two cylinders, not one, which should bring the deviation out.

After at least four decades of print magazine gun writers lying about accuracy, I try to keep it real when doing accuracy tests like this, to duplicate what you can expect in casual shooting at the range, with paper cartridges made to bulk production methodology. Resting against a tree I got center mass accuracy out of all three loads. But the semi-wadcutter bullet clearly outperformed both the roundball and the Johnson & Dow.

My velocities were tame on all of the rounds, generally under 1,100 feet per second because I don’t like to go into supersonic territory with these guns. I am working on a possible solution to that, because there is over an 1/8th of an inch of space left for more powder, and these are not the limits of what these guns can do by any stretch. Unfortunately, because no matter what these bullets shave, that means lead touches the sides of the barrel, and if you go supersonic they will lead the bore.

I actually give the J&D bullets more than a fair chance to best this new bullet, because they were loaded with Pyrodex RS, and the velocities were generally under 950 fps. Those were the first paper cartridges I loaded when I first got my kit from cartridgekits.com. I only had some RS on hand. That means rifle/shotgun and is a courser granulation than you would use for pistols. It is the equivalent of FFG black powder. For the new bullet I used Hodgdon Triple Se7en in the FFFG granulation, which is for pistols.

The 200 grain bullet clocked around 1000fps with my paper cartridges, loaded about 1/8″ below the cylinder face for powder charge, which on the dipper that comes with the kits at cartridgekits.com, is full and rounded but showing the rim of the dipper. The heaping charge that I loaded for the roundballs produced about the same velocity.

None of my charges were weighed. I used the dipper method for my paper cartridges that I outline in my video on how to make those little buggers. For conicals you use a full scoop where you can see the outside rim of the dipper, and for roundballs you heap it, covering the ring. This is a fairly rough estimation, and one of the reasons you will see fluctuations of over 50 fps shot to shot. With carefully weighed charges these guns can do a lot better with accuracy, even at full snot loads.

The second myth that I hope people understand I busted is the pointy bullet myth. I have explained in this column time and again that pointy bullets don’t matter at handgun ranges. For one, the base of the bullet, not the nose, controls accuracy shot to shot. High end meticulous bullet casters who make large lead bullets for long range black powder actually put a divet in the bullet mold near the point, so that there is a visible index mark on the bullet that can be lined up in the case and with the bore to reduce inconsistencies shot to shot. The nose does not matter on any heavy bullet at any distance. But with heavy bullets like these, roughly 4 times the weight of a bullet for an AR, irrelevant not even a question. The most accurate revolver bullets have always been “wadcutters” or semi-wadcutters, which have a flat tip.

For those of us who generally nerd out on these guns, I will explain that the J&D bullet should have had an edge in accuracy based on the charge. For the new semi-wadcutter bullet I used my standard FFFG Triple Se7en. But for the J&D I was shooting a lower charge of Pyrodex RS, which is a courser, slower powder made for rifles and shotguns. It was from a batch of bullets I made when I first got my paper cartridge kit. RS was the only powder I had at the house.

I don’t expect that the proof here will change anything. There is a actually a popular Youtuber who covers “guns of the west” who even made a video telling people to change the loading lever on their cap ‘n ball revolvers so that it did not flatten the tip of the J&D bullet. The internet has unfortunately given a very loud voice to a lot of people who just don’t know what they are doing.

The new bullet has another side benefit over the J&D if you are making a lot of paper cartridges, and using a dip lube as I show in the video. It is flat, so after you dip, you can put it down on a piece of cardboard face up to dry. You can’t do this with the pointy bullets. You have to put them down in your loading trays, and they drip all over the place and make a mess. As someone who has loaded these cartridges for a 12 stage SASS match, plus side matches, it saves a lot of hassle and mess.

I have yet to find a conical that works really well in the ’51 Navy. But I’m still looking. For self defense the Remmy is a much better choice, but I love these guns nonetheless.

So maybe you guys can come up with a better name than the Dripless Thumper. I am kind of at a loss. But for me it’s a great bullet that seems to check all the right boxes, except that darn ’51 Navy.

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